Analysis of pseudobrookite metal oxide semiconductor material

with possible application for NO gas sensing

Institut: Elektrotechnik u. Informationste
Autor: Goran Mišković
ISBN: 9783903024458
Seitenanzahl: 138
Herausgeber: TU Verlag
Erscheinungsort: Wien 44

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Art.Nr. 0098

Analysis of pseudobrookite metal oxide semiconductor material

Analysis of pseudobrookite metal oxide semiconductor material
with possible application for NO gas sensing

Institut: Elektrotechnik u. Informationste
Autor: Goran Mišković
ISBN: 9783903024458
Seitenanzahl: 138
Herausgeber: TU Verlag
Erscheinungsort: Wien


Abstract
This thesis deals with the preparation and application of pseudobrookite (Fe2TiO5) metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) as gas sensor to monitor hazardous gases. One of the major drawbacks of gas sensors based on the MOS materials is the relatively high working temperature above 250 ◦C. In order to achieve those high temperatures, heating elements have to be implemented, which lead to a high power consumption of the sensor. Additionally, this leads towards a more complex sensor design raising the production costs. The goal of this thesis was to synthesize, analyze and characterize pseudobrookite (PSB) metal oxide gas sensitive material and to investigate its sensitivity to nitrogen oxide (NO) gas at temperatures below 300 ◦C. In Chapter 1 a comprehensive overview of the most prominent air pollutants is given, together with the respective legalregulations. Chapter 2 gives an overview of selected, representative gas sensing methods, focusing on MOS materials. Comprehensive analyses, including the sensing mechanism and influencing factors, are studied and presented. Chapter 3 is concerned with the production and analysis of bulk and thick film PSB. The PSB material is prepared from a mixture of nanoparticles of hematite (Fe2O3) and anatase (TiO2) in two different molar ratios. To produce bulk PSB the powder is pressed into tablets and sintered at varying sintering temperatures. X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) analysis is used to evaluate the resulting material with respect to the formation of orthorhombic and monoclinic PSB and the transformation of the TiO2 phases (anatase into rutile).

Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy-dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) of the bulk material show the effect of sintering parameters on grain size, porosity, and homogeneity. Thick film pastes are composed from the nanopowder mixtures by adding butyl cellulose as organic vehicle and a small amount of lead boron silicone oxide glass frit. This paste is screen printed on alumina substrate and sintered in a hybrid conveyor furnace with different parameters. The resulting material is characterized using XRD, SEM, and EDS. Impedance measurements on the produced samples are presented in Chapter 4. The temperature dependence of the resistance is used to estimate the band gap energies and the activation energies for the differently processed materials. Additionally a dependence on the DC–voltage was determined. Finally the sensitivity of the resistance towards a NO gas concentration was examined. The results show a reasonable sensitivity of the PSB material at temperatures below 300 ◦C. A concentration of 5% NO diluted in synthetic air could be sensed at an operating temperature of 150 ◦C.

Goran Mišković


Goran Miskovic was born in 1988 in Novi Sad, Serbia. He received the B.Sc. degree in 2011 and M.Sc. degree in 2012 from Faculty of Technical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia in the field of microelectronics. From 2012 he was employed as a project assistant at Institute of Sensors and Actuator Systems, Technische Universität Wien (TUW), Vienna where he worked toward his doctoral thesis. In 2016 he successfully defended his doctoral thesis and graduated with honors. His main research interests are in the field of microelectronics and microelectronic technologies, MEMS, RF passive components, high frequency LTCC material characterization, design, modeling, simulation and fabrication of micro-sensors. Current focus is on the chemical sensors, namely gas sensors combined with LTCC technology.

 

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